How to use colors and how to combine them? Which pairs work and why?
Anyone interested in the color theme has asked these questions.
In addition, by going to the theme of the sense of beauty, a wider window opens with regard to aesthetics.
When arts and science are separated, giving the aesthetic role first, second the role of pursuing the truth, art has paid the price to become relative, subjective, just beautiful. Steiner studies and deepens Goethe’s theory of colors, develops and creates his own color theory in the light of the science of the spirit. Color is something real and objective, towards which to go with the right disposition of the soul: only by entering a state of inner listening, color can reveal to us its essence. According to goethian theory everything is played between light and darkness, between yellow and blue, an affirmation based on the empirical observation from which the circle of colors comes.
Goethe continues with the observation of the tone and harmony between the colors.
And he orders them in a circle to observe each other’s relationships and their totality. The chromatic circle is divided into six parts: Yellow, Orange, Purple, Violet, Blue, Green. In the Treaty Goethe speaks of an eye action, easily experimentable, so, seeing a color, produces the complementary color. This complement remains imprinted in the retina for a few seconds if we look at a white or black surface.
Red-purple produces green, Yellow violet, blue orange.
For this reason, in the circle the pairs on the opposite sides are defined as harmonics, they are also called complementary pairs.
red-purple / green
yellow / violet
orange / blue
The second criterion is that of the characteristic pairs. They are determined within the circle, jumping a color. Yellow / purple, yellow / blue, blue / purple etc. These couples are called such because they have something that strikes us, even without giving us complete satisfaction.
Purple / blue
The violet / green
The blue / yellow
Green / orange
Yellow / purple
orange / purple.
Finally, monotonous couples are those pairs of colors that are not particularly harmonious, they are not equilibrated.
Those adjacent within the circle, such as blue / green, green / yellow, and so on.
Goethe’s color theory finds endless applications, from fashionable graphics, from photography to art, from furniture to composition to a bouquet. Applying it will immediately notice a quality of harmony and rewarding beauty.